I have a typical method but it's tough to pigeon-hole it in a vote choice.
For my EDC, I only clean it after shooting, and it's typically the first one I will clean. I don't like to ever carry a dirty gun, and just about the only time that happens is on the drive home from the shooting range.
For other handguns, I will clean them at some point AFTER a range trip, but NOT if I have another range trip planned within a week or two and I know I will take that handgun. Like mentioned in an earlier post, I have been known to take down a semi-auto and re-lube or check the lube.
Sometimes a handgun will sit in the safe uncleaned after a range trip, but only if I have forgotten to clean it. This doesn't bother me, honest dirt from shooting isn't going to hurt it, I just prefer them to be cleaned. Also, much easier to inspect them for any possible "issues" if they are totally clean.
I will almost always ensure that anything I have shot cast lead bullets through gets thoroughly cleaned and I do this because I've long been wary of shooting jacketed bullets through a bore that has run cast lead without having been cleaned. Way back in the day, many suggested that a few jacketed shots down a bore would "clean out all that lead" and some time later, someone else began teaching that jacketed after lead will simply weld the lead to the bore and make it outrageously difficult to remove. So what's the real answer? I do not know, but I have dealt with heavy barrel leading before and I can tell you that it sucks out loud and not fun to remove, so I tend to not take chances.
On any handgun where I bring both cast lead and jacketed on the same range trip, I shoot all my jacketed FIRST and then cast lead later, and no jacketed again until after I have cleaned.
Rimfire rifles are a whole other ballgame... I tend to not clean them until they give me a reason to clean them. My semi-auto rimfire pistol (Ruger Mark II) doesn't get a full tear-down after each range trip, just every so often.
I like to swap brass... and I'm looking for .32 H&R Mag, .327 Fed Mag, .380 Auto and 10mm. If you have some and would like to swap for something else, send me a note!